powered by centersite dot net
Child Development & Parenting:Adolescence (12-24)
Resources
Basic Information
Adolescent Parenting IntroductionHealthy Teens: Food, Eating & Nutrition During AdolescenceHealthy Teens: Exercise and SportsHealthy Teens: SleepParenting Teens: Clothing Clashes, Housing Decisions, & Financial ManagementParenting Teens: Skincare, Cosmetics, Tattoos, & Piercings Caring for Teens: Healthcare for Teens and Young AdultsParenting Teens: Discipline, Love, Rules & ExpectationsA Parentís Guide to Protecting Teensí Health and SafetyAdolescent Parenting Summary & ConclusionAdolescent Parenting: References & ResourcesLatest News
Self-Harm on the Rise Among Teen Girls1 in 5 Young Women Who Tan Indoors Get AddictedWho's Most at Risk of Head Injury in Youth Football?Nearly a Third of College Kids Think ADHD Meds Boost GradesPediatric Physicians Should Revisit Approaches to MarijuanaHoming In on Homework HelpVitamin K-1 Intake Tied to Heart Structure, Function in TeensAnother Downside to College Boozing: Poorer Job ProspectsToo Little of This Vitamin Could Harm Young HeartsHealth Tip: Talking To Your Kids About TattoosOveruse Injuries Don't Impact Young Football Players20 Percent of U.S. Teens May Have Had a ConcussionAAP Offers Guidance for Infectious Disease in SportsGun Violence in Movies a Trigger for Teens?More Teen Dads?Youth Football Ups Odds of Brain Problems in AdulthoodGirl Soccer Players Take More Chances After ConcussionsFocus on Just One Sport Can Mean Stress for GirlsAre Today's Teens Putting the Brakes on Adulthood?AAP Issues Clinical Report on Teen Tattoos, PiercingsEven Teens Can Suffer Organ Damage From High Blood PressureSurgery Can Be Trigger for Teen Opioid AbuseYoung Kids With Cellphones Face a Hidden Risk8 Ways College Women Can Protect Their HealthRegular Weigh-Ins May Help Prevent College Weight GainPoor Health Habits Add Up to Poor Grades for TeensGet Your Kids to Eat Smart at SchoolTeam Sports for Kids: A Winning ComboLater School Bell Could Boost U.S. Economy by $83 Billion Over DecadeMarching Band Members Can Use a Physical TuneupHealth Tip: Food Safety for College StudentsPediatricians Sound Alarm on Rapid Weight Changes in Young AthletesBrain Scans Offer Clues to Why Some Teens Pile on PoundsMany Parents Not Happy With Later School Start TimesMore U.S. Teens Getting Vaccinated Against HPVMore Evidence Contact Sports Can Affect the BrainDepression, Anxiety May Affect Bone Metabolism in Older TeensMajority of U.S. Parents Would Support Teen Switching Gender: Survey6 Out of 7 Teens Slip Up on Contact Lens Guidelines: CDCFatal Opioid ODs on the Rise Among U.S. TeensFDA Will Target E-Cigs in Health Campaign for YouthTeen Drivers Take More Chances as Senior Year BeginsU.S. Adolescents Exhibit Little Change in Hearing LossACOG Issues Guidelines for Teen Contraception CounselingBinge Drinking Rates Dropping on College CampusesObesity in Teen Years Tied to Colon Cancer Risk in AdulthoodTeens Keep Building Bone After They Stop Growing: StudyParents, Get Your Teens Their Vaccines!Health Tip: Parenting a College FreshmanConcussion Can Increase Risk of Abnormal Menstrual Patterns
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Internet Addiction and Media Issues
Child Development & Parenting: Middle (8-11)
Child Development Theory: Adolescence (12-24)

Bullied in 5th Grade, Prone to Drug Abuse by High School

HealthDay News
by By Gia Miller
HealthDay Reporter
Updated: May 8th 2017

new article illustration

MONDAY, May 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A child bullied in fifth grade is more likely to show signs of depression in seventh grade, and abuse substances like alcohol, marijuana or tobacco in 10th grade, researchers say.

Their study of more than 4,000 kids in Los Angeles, Houston and Birmingham, Ala., suggests a dangerous trajectory between not-uncommon childhood abuse and worrisome behavior in high school.

"Our study suggests that it's important to take peer victimization seriously," said study co-author Valerie Earnshaw. She's an assistant professor in human development and family studies at the University of Delaware.

"There's still sometimes this idea that peer victimization and bullying are a normal part of adolescence and that lots of kids will experience it, so it's fine. But, this study adds to a growing body of evidence that peer victimization and bullying are not fine," Earnshaw said.

To explore the associations between bullying and its negative effects over time, the research team collected data between 2004 and 2011 from almost 4,300 children in the three cities. Participants were split evenly between boys and girls, and the results indicated that the effects of bullying were the same, regardless of gender.

Even though the researchers hypothesized that peer victimization would be associated with substance use over time, Earnshaw wasn't prepared for the results. She said she was surprised to learn that the effects of peer victimization in fifth grade were so lasting that it was associated with substance use in 10th grade.

Other experts were less surprised, however.

"This victimization leads to youth feeling not as hopeful about their lives, youth feeling sadder, and youth feeling they are not as worthwhile," said Andrea Romero, director of the Frances McClelland Institute for Children, Youth, and Families in Tucson, Ariz.

The study doesn't directly show cause and effect. Still, "those negative emotions may be associated with future risky behaviors like substance use," Romero said.

Children who stand out because of obesity, sexual orientation or chronic health conditions are even more likely to be bullied, leading to depression and substance use, according to the study.

"For youth living with stigmatized characteristics, some of them recognize that if they are being bullied for their race or because they are living with a chronic illness, this isn't something they're going to grow out of," Earnshaw said.

"Maybe they are seeing this as something they will continue to experience throughout their lives and that may be part of why it's harmful. It's cutting at an aspect of their identity in a way that more general peer victimization does not," she added.

The researchers said pediatricians need to play an important role in identifying and supporting children who are bullied. They recommended that pediatricians screen "all youth" for peer victimization, depressive symptoms and substance use.

Schools are an obvious starting point, too. According to Romero, schools have received the bulk of information about preventing bullying and creating safe school climates. But, nationwide reductions in public school funding have caused a decrease in counselor and social worker positions.

"The caseloads of those staff end up being higher so it makes it harder to implement those anti-bullying programs and provide the kind of screening services that young people might need in relation to peer victimization or depressive symptoms or substance use," said Romero.

Earnshaw added that it's important for parents, teachers and pediatricians to remember that kids who appear "different" in some way are more likely targets.

Moreover, "it could have a more harmful effect on them," Earnshaw said. "It's even more important to take those experiences seriously and intervene."

The study was published online May 8 in the journal Pediatrics.

More information

For more on bullying and how to prevent it, head to stop bullying.gov.