powered by centersite dot net
Parenting
Resources
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
More Teen Dads?Heath Tip: It's Back-to-School TimeHelping Kids Adapt to a New SchoolTake the Back Pain Out of BackpacksHealth Tip: Identify BullyingPaternal Age in the United States Is RisingAmerica's New Dads Are Older Than EverMany Parents Not Happy With Later School Start TimesVaccination 101: Make Sure Kids Are Up to DateParents Worried About Cyberbullies as School Starts UpMajority of U.S. Parents Would Support Teen Switching Gender: SurveyHaving Same-Sex Parents Won't Affect Kids' Gender Identity: StudyBack-to-School Tips … for ParentsCoping Support Assists Parents of Hospitalized ChildrenDate Nights for Overbooked Parents'Super Moms' and 'Super Dads': Work-Home Conflicts Affect Both GendersDespite Warnings, Kids Are Still Dying in Hot CarsIncreased Parental Anxiety With Increased Diabetes RiskHow to Prevent Future Couch PotatoesHealth Tip: Practice Drowning Prevention at HomeDo Older Dads Produce Brainy Boys?Most Mothers Have Been Victims of 'Mommy-Shaming,' Poll FindsTime for Some Summer Sun Safety TipsWhen Parents Focus on Smartphones, Kids' Misbehaving Can RiseCan Sharing Your Bedroom With Baby Come With Risks?Brush Up on Swim Safety for SummerDo Daughters Bring Out a Dad's 'Softer Side'?Are All Those 'Fidget Spinners' Really Helping Kids?1 in 5 U.S. Kids Killed in Crashes Not Restrained ProperlyMany Parents Underestimate Drowning RisksHealth Tip: Be a Safe Driver for Your Kids'Dr. Google' May Undermine Parents' Trust in Their PediatricianAre You Raising an 'Emotional Eater'?Health Tip: Concerned About Your Child's Weight?Could a Clinical Trial Help Your Child?Parents' Pot Use a Tricky Topic When It Comes to Their KidsHealth Tip: Help Your Child with Body Image'Eraser Challenge' Latest Harmful Social Media Trend for KidsSpring-Clean Your Medicine Cabinet to Safeguard Your KidsObese Moms May Fail to Spot Obesity in Their Own KidsAs Pot Legalization Advances, Pediatricians Warn of DangersKids Mean Less Shuteye for Mom, While Dad Slumbers On'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies BondBe Your Child's ValentineHarsh Parenting Can Backfire With Bad Behavior From TeensParents of Kids With Heart Defects Face PTSD Risk: StudyChronic Bullying Can Show Up in Report CardsParents Have Mixed Views on When to Keep Sick Kids Out of SchoolHead for the Hills With Sled Safety in MindKids' Care May Suffer When Parents Clash With Medical Staff
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook ReviewsSelf-Help Groups
Related Topics

Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Family & Relationship Issues
Internet Addiction and Media Issues
Child Development & Parenting: Infants (0-2)
Child Development & Parenting: Early (3-7)
Child Development & Parenting: Middle (8-11)
Child Development Theory: Middle Childhood (8-11)
Child & Adolescent Development: Puberty
Child Development Theory: Adolescence (12-24)
Child Development & Parenting:Adolescence (12-24)

'Super Moms' and 'Super Dads': Work-Home Conflicts Affect Both Genders

HealthDay News
by By Amy Norton
HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Jul 27th 2017

new article illustration

THURSDAY, July 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Contrary to stereotypes, it's not only women who struggle to balance work and family responsibilities, according to a new report.

In a review of more than 350 studies, researchers found that, overall, men and women reported similar levels of "work-family conflicts."

That runs counter to the common belief that juggling work and family is strictly a women's issue, the researchers said.

"Both women and men are struggling with this, and we need to bring men into the conversation," said lead researcher Kristen Shockley. She's an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Georgia.

If you go by popular media, Shockley noted, it might seem that only women have to perform the work-family balancing act.

Because of that, women may be more likely to anticipate problems, Shockley said. Plus, she added, "women may be more socialized to feel that it's OK to talk about these issues."

Meanwhile, men may stay tight-lipped about their difficulties -- whether because of traditional views of men as the "bread-winner," or fear that it could undermine their career.

But an anonymous study can dig up some feelings that would otherwise stay hidden, Shockley pointed out. They ask people direct questions -- for example, whether they agree with statements like, "My work interferes with my family life more than I'd like."

Framed that way, the research review found, men and women acknowledge similar levels of work-family conflicts.

Kei Nomaguchi, an associate professor of sociology at Ohio's Bowling Green State University, said, "It's true that this is a men's issue, too."

Nomaguchi, who studies work and family issues, was not involved in the new research.

"Increasingly, men are expected to spend more time with their family, especially when they have young children," Nomaguchi said. But at the same time, she added, they can also feel pressure to fill the traditional male role of career-minded provider.

Still, the new findings do not mean that women and men have become "equal" when it comes to work and family.

Nomaguchi pointed to a key limitation of the studies Shockley's team analyzed: They surveyed people currently employed. So they missed those who'd been forced to leave their jobs because juggling work and family was too difficult.

"The women in these studies were those who'd been able to find some kind of balance between work and family," Nomaguchi said.

Shockley agreed. And beyond that, she said, the studies do not reveal how men and women were affected by their work-family conflicts.

Do women typically feel more guilt, for instance, when work interferes with family time?

Other research suggests that's the case, Nomaguchi said.

"After the baby is born, the question asked of women is, 'Are you going back to work?'" Shockley noted. "You never hear anyone ask men that question."

Plus, Nomaguchi said, women's family responsibilities often go beyond their children. They may have to care for aging parents or other family members with illnesses or disabilities.

Family income also matters. In lower-income families, Nomaguchi noted, parents often have jobs that do not provide leave or flexible work hours. This means they -- particularly moms -- may lose their job if they need time to care for family.

Higher-income jobs are more likely to offer flexibility, Nomaguchi said. But they may also require people to take work home, or constantly be "on call."

While work-family conflicts might not affect men and women in exactly the same way, it is clear that men face challenges, both researchers said.

But that's not reflected at the workplace.

According to Shockley's team, only 9 percent of U.S. workplaces offer paid paternity leave -- while nearly 22 percent provide paid maternity leave.

"It's pretty rare to find equal family leave for men and women," Shockley said.

That may be partly fueled by a belief that men do not need or want leave, she noted.

Yet the evidence suggests otherwise, Nomaguchi said. "There are many men who report work-family conflicts," she said. "And it's a good thing that this is being recognized."

The findings were published online July 27 in the Journal of Applied Psychology. They're based on 350 studies of more than 250,000 workers. Roughly half were done in the United States, while the rest were mainly from Europe and Asia.

More information

The University of California, Berkeley has more on work-life balance.