powered by centersite dot net
Depression: Depression & Related Conditions
Resources
Basic Information
Introduction and Types of Depressive DisordersRelated Disorders / ConditionsHistorical and Current UnderstandingsBiology, Psychology and SociologyTreatment - Medication and PsychotherapyAlternative Medicine and Self-Help ResourcesSpecial IssuesReferences
More InformationTestsLatest News
Treatment Trajectories Vary for Children With DepressionHelp for Seasonal DepressionOnline CBT Program Beneficial for Depression, AnxietyLocus ID'd That Links Comorbid Alcohol Dependence, DepressionSummer Baby, Higher Odds for Postpartum Depression?More Evidence That Depression Shortens LivesHealth Tip: Do You Need Psychological Therapy?Psychosocial Intervention Ups Adherence to AntidepressantsCancer Patients May Have Undiagnosed DepressionToo Many New Mothers Silent on Postpartum Depression1 in 5 Moms Mum About Post-Pregnancy BluesGoogle Search for 'Depression' Now to Provide Screening TestAntidepressants Used by 12.7 Percent of Those Age ≥12 in U.S.U.S. Antidepressant Use Jumps 65 Percent in 15 YearsSmoking During Pregnancy Up Among Women With DepressionDepression After Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis Ups Death RiskYoga May Help Ease DepressionLonger Estrogen Exposure May Protect Against DepressionEstrogen May Influence Women's Depression RiskLosing Medicaid Tough on People Battling Depression: StudyAddition of Aripiprazole Ups Major Depressive Disorder RemissionNo Sign That Antidepressants in Pregnancy Harm Kids' Brains: StudyMed Switch Not Always Best Choice With Tough DepressionDepression Contributes to Health Decline Seen in Cancer CaregiversDepression May Worsen Health for Cancer CaregiversElectric Brain Stimulation No Better Than Meds For Depression: StudyDepression Inversely Linked to Body Composition in TeensReview: Depression Screening As Inpatient Important, FeasibleDepression Can Slow Hospital Patients' Recovery: StudyAntidepressants During Pregnancy Safe for Baby: StudyWhat You Need to Know About AntidepressantsAPA: Internet-Based CBT Can Be Helpful in DepressionCan Online Treatment Replace Your Therapist?Depression Often a Precursor to Falls in Elderly PeopleObesity, Sex Predict Remission for Antidepressant MedicationsGender Differences in Depression Tend to Appear About Age 12Depression's Gender Gap Shows Up in Pre-Teen YearsStudies Question Link Between Mom's Antidepressant Use, Autism in KidsTrauma as a Teen May Boost Depression Risk Around MenopauseBlood Test Promising for ID of Early Depression, SchizophreniaBlood Test Might Someday Distinguish Early Depression, SchizophreniaHold That Pose: Yoga May Ease Tough DepressionDepression May Hasten Death in Years After Heart DiagnosisAntidepressant Efficacy Varies for Depressive Symptom ClustersDepressed Psoriasis Patients at Higher Risk of Psoriatic ArthritisCan Depression Up Odds for Arthritis Linked to Psoriasis?Postpartum Depressive Symptoms Fell in 2004 to 2012Depression Often Untreated in Dialysis PatientsPostpartum Depression Affects New Dads, TooPanic Disorder May Up Odds of Depression Rx Side Effects
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

Anxiety Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Suicide
Addictions: Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Pain Management

Estrogen May Influence Women's Depression Risk

HealthDay News
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Jul 21st 2017

new article illustration

FRIDAY, July 21, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Women exposed to estrogen for longer periods of time during the reproductive years may have a lower risk of depression, a new study finds.

Previous research has suggested that reproductive hormones play a role in depression risk among women, yet hormone fluctuations are something all women experience. So, the study authors tried to figure out how hormones might be linked to depression.

The researchers focused on estradiol. This is the main form of estrogen present during a woman's reproductive years. Estradiol affects levels of serotonin, a brain chemical that's involved in depression.

Factors that might increase the length of exposure to estradiol include a younger age at first menstruation and how many menstrual cycles a woman has over her lifetime, the researchers said.

This study of more than 1,300 women found that being exposed to estradiol for a longer time from the start of menstruation until the onset of menopause was significantly associated with a reduced risk of depression during menopause and for up to 10 years after.

The researchers also found that longer use of birth control was associated with a lower risk of depression, but the number of pregnancies or incidence of breast-feeding had no effect.

However, the associations seen in the study don't prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

The report, by Dr. Wendy Marsh of the department of psychiatry at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and colleagues, was published online July 17 in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society (NAMS).

"Women are more vulnerable to depressive symptoms during and after the menopause transition because of fluctuating hormone changes," Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, executive director of NAMS, said in a society news release.

"This study additionally found a higher risk for depression in those with earlier menopause, fewer menstrual cycles over lifespan, or more frequent hot flashes," Pinkerton said.

"Women and their providers need to recognize symptoms of depression such as mood changes, loss of pleasure, changes in weight or sleep, fatigue, feeling worthless, being unable to make decisions or feeling persistently sad, and take appropriate action," she suggested.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has more on depression.